What is Child Visa?

Child visa enables a dependent child of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen to live in Australia. The child visa can be lodged onshore or offshore.

Child Visa Categories

There are few types of permanent child visas, such as child visa, orphan relative visa and adoption visa.

Child Visa subclass 101

The Child Visa subclass 101 visa is a permanent visa that allows children of an eligible sponsor to travel and stay in Australia indefinitely. Applicants must be outside Australia at time of application. Parents must be living in Australia permanently, have Australian citizenship or are citizen of New Zealand and have been settled in Australia for more than past two years.

Eligibility:

  • Be sponsored by an eligible parent (a settled Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen. Eligible parents include step-parents or adoptive parents who have legal responsibilities to care for the child;
  • A child that is outside of Australia when the application is lodged and when the visa is granted;
  • The child is sponsored by you as their parent or by your partner;
  • Younger than 18 years old, OR:
  • Full-time student between 18 and 25 years old, or lastly:
  • 18 or older and unable to work due to a disability and is dependent on the sponsoring parent

Key points of Child Visa subclass 101:

  • Child can stay in Australia indefinitely;
  • Child can work and study in Australia;
  • Child can enrol in Medicare, Australia’s scheme for health-related care and expenses;
  • Child can apply for Australian citizenship (if they are eligible)
  • Child can sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence

Official source: Child Visa subclass 101

Child Visa Subclass 802

This visa is a permanent visa that allows a child to remain in Australia with their parents. The parent must be an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen. The Child Visa Subclass 802 will be lodged while the child is in Australia. If the visa is granted, the sponsor must provide support for the child, including accommodation and financial assistance required to meet the child’s reasonable needs during the first two years following the grant of the child’s visa.

With this visa the child can:

  • stay in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study in Australia
  • enrol in Australia’s public healthcare scheme, Medicare
  • sponsor relatives to come to Australia
  • apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible

Official source: Child Visa Subclass 802

Adoption visa Subclass 102

This visa lets children adopted outside Australia live in Australia with their adoptive parent. If the child has siblings who also want to apply for an Adoption visa, they must submit separate applications for each sibling. This child visa might not be granted if it is not in the best interests of an applicant under 18.

To be eligible to apply for an Adoption visa (subclass 102), the child must:

  • have been or be in the process of being adopted through an intercountry adoption or arrangement with the involvement of an Australian state or territory central authority or
  • have been or be in the process of being adopted through an intercountry adoption between 2 countries (other than Australia) that are parties to the Hague Adoption Convention, or
  • have been adopted through an expatriate adoption (with no Australian state or territory central authority being involved). The adoption must be by an Australian citizen, an eligible New Zealand citizen or the holder of an Australian permanent visa. They must have been living outside Australia for more than 12 months before lodging the visa application.

With visa visa the child can:

  • stay in Australia indefinitely with their adoptive parent;
  • work and study in Australia;
  • enrol in Australia’s public healthcare scheme, Medicare;
  • sponsor their relatives to come to Australia;
  • apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible.

Official source: Adoption visa Subclass 102

Dependent Child visa (Subclass 445)

A child applying for this Dependent Child visa must be the dependent child of a parent who holds a temporary Partner visa or a Dependent Child visa. The parent usually lodges the application on behalf of the child.

The child must be:

  • a biological child, stepchild or adopted child of the parent
  • sponsored by the same person sponsoring their parent with limited exceptions
  • able to meet health and character requirements
  • single (the child cannot be married, engaged to be married, or in a de facto relationship)
  • younger than 18, or else be one of the following:
    • financially dependent on the parent holding the temporary Partner visa
    • incapacitated for work due to the total or partial loss of bodily or mental functions.

With this visa the child can:

  • move to or stay in Australia until the Department of Home Affairs decide on their parent’s permanent Partner visa application
  • travel to and from Australia
  • work and study in Australia

Once the child has been granted this visa, they must apply to be added to their parent’s permanent Partner visa application.

Official source: Dependent Child visa (Subclass 445)

Check out the other visas.